Native America Revisited," pp.
When Columbus and his sailors came ashore, carrying swords, speaking oddly, the Arawaks ran to greet them, brought them food, water, gifts. He later wrote of this in his log: They willingly traded everything they owned They were well-built, with good bodies and handsome features They do not bear arms, and do not know them, for I showed them a sword, they took it by the edge and cut themselves out of ignorance.
They have no iron. Their spears are made of cane They would make fine servants With fifty men we could subjugate them all and make them do whatever we want. These Arawaks of the Bahama Islands were much like Indians on the mainland, who were remarkable European observers were to say again and again for their hospitality, their belief in sharing.
These traits did not stand out in the Europe of the Renaissance, dominated as it was by the religion of popes, the government of kings, the frenzy for money that marked Western civilization and its first messenger to the Americas, Christopher Columbus.
As soon as I arrived in the Indies, on the first Island which I found, I took some of the natives by force in order that they might learn and might give me information of whatever there is in these parts.
The information that Columbus wanted most was: Where is the gold? He had persuaded the king and queen of Spain to finance an expedition to the lands, the wealth, he expected would be on the other side of the Atlantic-the Indies and Asia, gold and spices. For, like other informed people of his time, he knew the world was round and he could sail west in order to get to the Far East.
Spain was recently unified, one of the new modern nation-states, like France, England, and Portugal. Its population, mostly poor peasants, worked for the nobility, who were 2 percent of the population and owned 95 percent of the land. Spain had tied itself to the Catholic Church, expelled all the Jews, driven out the Moors.
Like other states of the modern world, Spain sought gold, which was becoming the new mark of wealth, more useful than land because it could buy anything. There was gold in Asia, it was thought, and certainly silks and spices, for Marco Polo and others had brought back marvelous things from their overland expeditions centuries before.
Now that the Turks had conquered Constantinople and the eastern Mediterranean, and controlled the land routes to Asia, a sea route was needed. Portuguese sailors were working their way around the southern tip of Africa.
Spain decided to gamble on a long sail across an unknown ocean. In return for bringing back gold and spices, they promised Columbus 10 percent of the profits, governorship over new-found lands, and the fame that would go with a new title: Admiral of the Ocean Sea.
He set out with three sailing ships, the largest of which was the Santa Maria, perhaps feet long, and thirty-nine crew members.AP US History Chapter 1: Exploration, Discovery, and Settlement Created by Matthew Piccolella. most Native Americans lived in semi-permanent settlements, each with a population not exceeding , men made tools and hunted, women grew crops, some were more nomadic like Sioux and Pawnee Indians had to farm or work .
Chapter 1 Take-Home Test 1. The origins of human existence in North America began did not have permanent settlements. [ ] fished salmon as their principal occupation.
In , the Pueblo Indians rose in revolt against Spanish settlers after the Spanish. We will write a custom essay sample on Chapter 1 indians the settlements of america specifically for you for only $ $/page.
A People’s History of the United States Chapter 1: Columbus, the Indians, and Human Progress Summary & Analysis from LitCharts | The creators of SparkNotes of the European invasion of the Indian settlements in the Americas.” There was nothing noble or enlightened about Columbus’s expeditions to the New World.
Columbus, the Indians. AP US History Chapter 1. STUDY. PLAY. They lived in semipermanent settlements, each with a small population seldom exceeding The Sioux and the Pawnee Indians lived in North America in the 's and they were a tribe of nomadic Indians that followed the buffalo herds.
1 CHAPTER ONE: A CONTINENT OF VILLAGES, TO SETTLING THE CONTINENT Who Are the Indian People? Migration from Asia Clovis: The First American Technology NEW WAYS OF LIVING ON THE LAND larger populations and permanent settlements.